In a significant diplomatic gathering, the leaders of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) member countries convened in India for the SCO Summit.
The high-profile event brings together heads of state, including Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin, with security, connectivity, and trade emerging as focal points of discussion.
The summit, hosted by India for the first time since its induction as a full member in 2017, aims to strengthen cooperation among the SCO nations, foster regional stability, and promote economic growth in the face of global challenges.
Security issues feature prominently on the summit’s agenda, with the SCO member countries expressing concerns about terrorism, separatism, and extremism in the region. The leaders will discuss collaborative efforts to combat these threats through intelligence sharing, joint military exercises, and coordination in border security.
The virtual summit is anticipated to cover the security situation in Afghanistan, the Ukraine issue, and strengthening collaboration between SCO nations, particularly means to improve economic connection and trade.
In this regard, India has made a number of recent efforts to improve connectivity and commerce with central Asian republics. The SCO’s “SECURE” theme for India’s presidency is security, economic growth, connectivity, unity, respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, and environmental preservation.
India has urged for more collaboration on anti-radicalization measures as part of the emphasis on regional security. As part of the SCO, India also established five pillars and priority areas for cooperation: start-ups and innovation, digital inclusion, youth empowerment, traditional medicine, and shared Buddhist history.