Action against Climate Change:-
In a progressive action against climate change, the International Court of Justice, the world’s highest top instituted by the United Nations, has come into action Upon the request of the country Vanuatu.
The Woes of Vanuatu Regarding Climate Change
The geographical location of Vanuatu is what makes it prone to experiencing the adverse effects of climate change. Vanuatu is a low-lying island country in the Pacific region and climate change has caused the sea levels surrounding Vanuatu to rise at alarming levels. A loss of livelihood based on marine production has caused distress to Vanuatu. Moreover, the ultimate risk of Vanuatu being completely submerged due to climate change gets more persistent with each passing year.
The International Court of Justice Regarding the Vanuatu Issue
The International Court of Justice will be engaging itself in drafting an Advisory Opinion formulating the obligations and duties of countries all across the world, in general, to combat climate change effectively. The issue of climate change is such that the multilateral cooperation of all countries at maximum efficiency becomes the need of the hour.
International Support to Vanuatu
The problems being faced by Vanuatu have been very well acknowledged by the United Nations in a special resolution. The PMof Vanuatu stated, “Vanuatu sees today's historic resolution as the beginning of a new era in multilateral climate cooperation, one that is more fully focused on upholding the rule of international law and an era that places human rights and intergenerational equity at the forefront of climate decision-making.”
The International Court of Justice Regarding The Issue of Climate Change
This is not the first time that the International Court of Justice would be dealing with a case related to climate change. In a few earlier cases, the International Court of Justice has already dealt with the need to fulfill obligations under conventions like the Paris Agreement, Kyoto Protocol, and Rio Declaration. However, all of the earlier climate change disputes have been made applicable to the disputing parties. The Upcoming Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice is expected to set a standard of care regarding climate change for all countries.
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